RESPONSIBILITIES FOR SAFETY
The company's safety and accident prevention policies are clearly understood by all employees and contractor personnel. The duties and responsibilities of employees, supervisors, and management must be stated in writing by the company's management. All employees should satisfactorily discharge the responsibilities of their job, and be aware that their safety record will be taken into account during performance appraisals.
The main responsibilities of various members of a construction team are cited in the following:
Contractor Senior Management
- Initiate the company's policy for the control of injury, damage and fire.
- Administer the policy himself or appoint a senior member of staff to do so.
- Know the requirements of Schedule 'D' and the relevant parts of Government Workmen's Regulations, and ensure they are observed by his company.
- Ensure that all supervisors are qualified and that they receive adequate and appropriate training.
- Make sure that in tendering, at planning stages and throughout the contract, allowance is made for suitable and sufficient equipment to enable the jobs to be done with minimum risk.
- Coordinate safety activities between subcontractors and any other individual contractors who may be working on the same site.
- Institute proper system for investigation, reporting and estimating the cost of injury, property damage and fire loss. Initiate analysis to discover accident trends and promote action to prevent recurrence.
- Reprimand any supervisor for failing to discharge satisfactorily the responsibility allocated to him.
- Set a personal example.
- Ensure that a formal Hazard Identification Plan is prepared in order to identify and correct hazards which may be encountered during construction.
Contractor’s Safety Officer
- Advise management on the following:
- Ways to prevent injury to personnel, damage to plant and/or equipment and fires.
- Ways to improve existing work methods.
- Legal and contractual requirements affecting safety, health and welfare.
- Provision and use of protective clothing and equipment.
- Potential hazards on site before work starts and on the safety organization and fire precautions required.
- Changes in safety requirements.
- Carry out site surveys to see that only safe work methods are in operation, that health and safety requirements are being observed, and welfare and first aid facilities are adequate and properly maintained.
- Determine the cause of any accident (or dangerous occurrence), and recommend means of preventing recurrence of such an incident.
- Supervise the recording and analysis of information on injuries, damage and production loss. Assess accident trends and review overall safety performance.
- Assist with training employees at all levels.
- Take part in discussions on injury, damage and loss control.
- Keep up-to-date with recommended codes of practice and safety literature. Circulate information applicable to each level of employees.
- Foster within the company an understanding that injury prevention and damage control are an integral part of business and operational efficiency.
- Attend job progress meetings where safety is an item on the agenda. Report on job safety performance.
- Understand the company's safety policy and the responsibility allocated to each grade of supervision.
- Know the requirements of Schedule 'D' and relevant Government Workmen's Regulations, and ensure that they are observed.
- Ensure that tenders adequately allow for sound working methods and reasonable welfare facilities.
- Determine the following at the planning stage:
- The most appropriate order and method of performing the job.
- Allocation of responsibilities for sub-contractors, and other contractors.
- Storage areas, access, etc.
- Any hazards identified under the hazard identification procedure described.
- Facilities for welfare, first aid and sanitation.
- Work permit procedures and requirements.
- Basic precautions for dealing with fire hazards.
- Provide written instructions to establish work methods, explain the sequence of operations, outline potential hazards at each stage, and indicate precautions to be adopted.
- Check over work methods and precautions with supervision before work starts.
- Create safety awareness by promoting safety meetings, presentations, and open forum discussions and by implementing safety training.
- Set a personal example on site by wearing appropriate protective clothing and equipment at all times.
- Ensure that all accidents are reported.
Site Safety Supervisor
(If different from contractor's safety officer)
- Understand the requirements of Schedule 'D' and the company's loss prevention policy.
- Inspect the work site daily to report and correct unsafe methods and conditions.
- Keep a permanent record of all injuries, fires, motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), property damage and crane/heavy equipment accidents which have occurred at the site.
- Keep a record of every weekly safety meeting on site complete with subject discussed and a list of attendees.
- Set a personal example.
- Ensure that all equipment purchased or hired is safe, is guarded and equipped with safety devices and has been subjected to all necessary tests.
- Make certain that operators and attendants are employed only on equipment for which they have been thoroughly trained.
- Check that periodic tests, inspections and maintenance are carried out when due.
- Attend promptly to all equipment defects and advise site management of the need for any dangerous equipment to be taken out of service until properly repaired.
- Organize sites so that work is carried out to the required standard with minimum risk to men, equipment and materials.
- Know the requirements of Schedule 'D'.
- Be familiar with work permit procedures.
- Give precise instructions on responsibilities for correct work methods.
- Plan and provide for good housekeeping.
- Coordinate with sub-contractors and other contractors on site to avoid any confusion about areas of responsibility.
7. Position equipment effectively and ensure that electricity supply is installed, used and maintained correctly.
- Check that equipment and tools (both power and hand tools) are maintained in good operating condition.
- Make sure that all men know how to obtain and administer first aid properly and efficiently to all injured persons. They should also know how to summon assistance in case of emergency and nominate others to act in your absence.
- Make sure that suitable personal protective equipment is available and that it is used.
- Release supervisors and men when necessary for safety and fire training.
- Cooperate with the safety engineer and the fire department, by acting on their recommendations.
- Set a personal example.
- be familiar with those parts of Schedule 'D' applicable to the work on which subordinate workers are engaged.
- Incorporate safety procedures in routine tasks and see that they are obeyed.
- Conduct weekly safety meetings with subordinates.
- Conduct daily work site inspections to identify and correct any existing unsafe conditions. Document and coordinate the safety inspection activities and findings with the job site safety supervisor.
- Correct unsafe acts, such as horseplay or the taking of unnecessary risks.
- Ensure that new employees are properly instructed in precautions to be taken before they are allowed to start work.
- Commend men who, by action or initiative, eliminate hazards.
- Report accidents, unsafe conditions and defects in equipment to immediate superiors.
- Set a personal example.
- Use the correct tools and equipment for the job. Use protective clothing and equipment provided.
- Do nothing to endanger self or work mates.
- Keep tools in good condition.
- Refrain from horseplay and abuse of safety devices, equipment and welfare facilities.
- Report any accidents, near misses or hazardous conditions to immediate supervisor.
- Read the Company safety rules and take note of special safety precautions in restricted areas.
- Obey all posted warning signs.